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Health Hazards of Mining and Quarrying

The principal airborne hazards in the mining industry include several types of particulates naturally occurring gases engine exhaust and some chemical vapours the principal physical hazards are noise segmental vibration heat changes in barometric pressure and ionizing radiation These occur in varying combinations depending on the mine or quarry its depth the composition of the ore and Get price


Tuberculosis in coal mine workers in Mpumalanga

Introduction Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a disease which is both curable and preventable with recognised complications such loss of lung function and progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) It is a major cause of pulmonary disability and mortality in the South Africa mining industry Get price


Dust TB and HIV the ugly face of mining in South Africa

May 26 2015Dust TB and HIV the ugly face of mining in South Africa The Africa Centre is located in the beautiful KwaZulu-Natal province where one in three people have HIV and – around the town of Mtubatuba 173 miles north of Durban – a 15-year-old has an 80% chance of Get price


The Southern Africa TB in the Mining Sector Initiative

Tuberculosis (TB) is a significant problem in the mining industry in Southern Africa In South Africa alone TB rates within the mining workforce are estimated at 2 500-3 000 cases per 100 000 individuals This incidence is 10 times the WHO threshold for a health emergency and is also nearly three times the incidence rate in the general population Get price


HIV/Aids in the mining industry what are we doing about

Regional Significance in South Africa In the early 1990s the HIV prevalence in the mining industry in South Africa was around 1% but by 2000 this number had snowballed to 25% Immediate action was necessary and we were swift to set up workplace testing within Anglo American offering free treatment to all employees in 2002 Get price


Mining sector identified as TB hotspot

Jun 13 2018The mining sector has been identified as one of the Tubercolosis (TB) hotspots by some speakers at the 5th South African TB conference underway in Durban Other hotspots include urban informal settlements and prisons Speaking on the side lines of the TB Get price



TB has overtaken silicosis in terms of the number of cases reported This is in line with the national picture with regards TB infection The mining industry has appeared to be the hardest hit considering the many risk factors encountered in the mining industry such as silicosis age and HIV co-infection and living conditions amongst others TheGet price


Coal and gas mining in Australia

clear that they may regulate coal mining and unconventional gas development in order to protect Australia's unique natural heritage and food producing land The Constitution of Australia The Constitution does not include a 'mining power' a 'land use power' an 'agriculture power' or an 'environmental power 'Get price


TB's Grip on the Mining Community

Mar 20 2017TB's Grip on the Mining Community Related Pages To reduce the spread of TB among mining communities their families and the broader population we must continue our efforts to screen diagnose and effectively treat miners for TB This will reduce the burden of TB worldwide and move us closer to eradicating the disease Get price


History of TB in South Africa

The effect of TB on mortality rates in the "consumptive" resorts of South Africa However in 1895 it was said by Dr Gregory the Medical Officer of Health for Cape Colony that "of all the diseases attacking the natives and Coloured" (of Cape Colony) "tuberculosis is by far the most important" Get price



Tuberculosis country profiles are generated automatically based on data reported by countries and which are held in WHO's global TB database Countries can update information at any time via WHO's TB data collection system (or for countries in the European region via the ECDC - WHO/Europe Joint Surveillance system) Get price


Precarious transition a mortality study of South African

Jul 11 2018The expectation was that migrant ex-miners would be at greater risk of mortality than the general population because of their triple burden of silicosis tuberculosis and HIV infection and the contribution of ill-health to exit from the industry Get price


Strategic Planning for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination in

Strategic Planning for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination in the United States and Prevention and Control of TB Globally The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Tuberculosis Elimination's (DTBE) strategic plan focuses on the following goals Domestic eliminate TB in the United States (defined as ≤1 case/million)Get price


Gold mining industry's effects on health of mineworkers

Gold mining affects mineworkers' health Prolonged exposure to gold mining activi- ties can cause many life-long problems for workers "Airborne dust with a high concentration of more than 5% of alpha quartz silica can cause occupational lung diseases such as cardio-pulmonary TB silicosis silico-tuberculosis Get price


Southern African declaration targets TB in mining sector

In an attempt to tackle tuberculosis among current and former miners their families and affected communities 15 southern African leaders signed a Declaration on TB in the Mining Sector a legal instrument at the recent summit meeting of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Heads of State and Government in Maputo Mozambique Get price



Tuberculosis country profiles are generated automatically based on data reported by countries and which are held in WHO's global TB database Countries can update information at any time via WHO's TB data collection system (or for countries in the European region via the ECDC - WHO/Europe Joint Surveillance system) Get price



TB including food insecurity and malnutrition poor housing and environmental conditions and financial geographic and cultural barriers to health care access "It is estimated that about 80% of the population of South Africa is infected with TB bacteria " TUBERCULOSIS IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN MINING INDUSTRY Fact sheet QUICK FACTS 387 335Get price


TB in the Southern African mining sector and across the

infected with TB compared to an industry average of 5% •Also 0 72% miners were infected with silicosis compared to an industry average of 0 31% • And yet gold mines have limited TB HIV services (only 56% of gold mines have TB HIV services compared to 78% of platinum mines)Get price


Mining and Risk of Tuberculosis in Sub

Gold Mining Compared With Other Mining For example in 2003 TB incidence rates were 394 1 per 100 000 in countries with an antenatal HIV prevalence of at least 4% more than double the TB incidence rates of 185 1 per 100 000 recorded in countries with HIV antenatal prevalence Get price



MHSC JOURNEY TO ZERO HARM - CHAPTER 1 Background History | 11 South Africa is well- known for a diverse wealth of minerals and a very well regulated mining industry t he South African mining industry has played a pivotal role in the development of South Africa as a regional and continental economic powerhouse Get price


Global Repair and Support Service for the Mining Industry

Turboflex TB Woods and Guardian Couplings Maintenance of equipment is vital in all areas of the mining industry where high mechanical stresses and the reliance on aging equipment can quickly impact asset availability Global Repair and Support Service for the Mining IndustryGet price


So Africa Mineral Council claims mining industry has made

In 2016 TB incidence in the South African mining industry was 900 cases per 100 000 of the workforce down from 1 200 cases per 100 000 in 2013 This is still higher than South Africa's general TB incidence rate which was 781 cases per 100 000 people in 2016 Get price


King blames mining industry for spread of TB

King blames mining industry for spread of TB Durban - King Goodwill Zwelithini on Thursday blamed the mining industry for contributing to the spread of tuberculosis (TB) in KwaZulu-Natal The king also warned people to stop smoking and fight alcohol abuse in order to win the fight against the killer disease Get price


Douglas F Scott Spokane Research Laboratory National

mining industry are scarce and information on rates and costs is not readily available Substantial amounts of research are being directed to addressing these issues including work at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's (NIOSH) mining health and Get price


Silica Background

Silica is a naturally occurring mineral in rock and soil When inhaled silica dust can cause silicosis cancer and increases the risk of Tuberculosis (TB) infection Airborne silica is present in numerous industries including construction mining foundry work glass concrete manufacturing painting pottery and stone crushing Get price


Mining Boom of the 1890's

In looking over the records of the United States Land Office Mr Johnson recently made an interesting discovery It appears that the lead mining capitalists of Southeast Missouri made a mineral survey through Taney County thirty years ago At that time nothing was Get price


The Compensation Fund

As the mining industry faced a high accident rate the Rand Mutual Assurance Company started in 1894 By 1914 half the mines belonged to this self-insurance scheme and by 1931 (when a new WC bill came into effect) all mining companies belonged to Rand Mutual The member companies were exempted under the 1931 bill Get price


Occupational lung disease in the South African mining

occupational health silicosis tuberculosis HIV/AIDS compensation policy research The authors reviewed research on silicosis tuberculosis HIV and AIDS and compensation for occupational disease in South Africa's gold mining industry and found there has been limited policy implementation Get price


Official remarks on Fighting Tuberculosis and other

Welcome to this very important NEPAD side event focusing on the fight against Tuberculosis and Occupational Lung Diseases especially in the mining industry in Africa I am sincerely grateful that you found time to join us to learn more on what NEPAD Agency is implementing to roll back the burden of TB Get price


Occupational lung disease In the mining industry

• Industries mining foundries construction masonry mining • Typically nodular disease predominance of upper lobes • Progressive disease with no real cure • Associated with tuberculosis TB is 2 to 30x more common in those with silicosis (Cowie 1994) • Silica has Get price

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